学习 Differences Guide
Micaelia Randolph, EdD, MA
CHC’s Catherine T. Harvey Center for Clinical 服务
美国五分之一的人有学习差异(LD). Terms such as learning difference, learning disability, 甚至学习障碍都指的是我们所说的LD. 这 is not about intelligence, 尽管一个人会遇到挑战，尤其是在阅读方面, writing and math. 学习 differences can exist with other challenges such as problems with executive function, anxiety or even 注意力缺陷多动症. Individuals with LD also possess great strengths and the lists here include traits that are meant to help you understand LD over time; they are not meant to be a diagnostic tool.
Children with learning differences are typically bright, outgoing, and often, very verbal. 当更正式的语言学习开始时，迹象就开始出现了.
- Difficulty with rhyming
- Appreciates routines
- Trouble recognizing letters of alphabet
- Unable to find the right words
- Tells the truth
- Usually follows rules
学校 年龄 Child
- 挑战 with spelling
- Often has a good sense of humor
- Difficulty learning math facts
- Bright and curious
- Self esteem begins to deteriorate
- Doesn’t want to go to school
- Likes to help others
青少年s with learning differences continue to experience academic and learning challenges as the workload increases. 他们也开始了解并利用自己的优势.
- Can be very verbal
- Skilled at problem solving
- Perceive themselves as ‘dumb’ in school
- Understands real-world math
- Can be disorganized
- Artistic and creative
- May excel at sports or music
尽管成年人在阅读方面可能仍然有困难, writing and math, they can find their niche in life and in the workplace by identifying and using their many strengths.
- Difficulty following verbal directions
- Creative and clever
- Adept problem solvers
- Can experience increased motivation
- May be incredibly resilient
Your Questions Answered
Top questions answered by CHC experts.
Can a 学习 Difference be “cured”?
学习 differences cannot be cured, but one can learn to live with and actually celebrate their conditions if they are aware of them. Each person is a unique individual with a combination of strengths and challenges. Learner variability can be supported at home and at school through self- awareness and self-advocacy. If not diagnosed, 有学习差异的人可能会感到焦虑, frustration and loss of self-esteem. 因此, when there are concerns, it is important to seek professional help and obtain an evaluation so that support can begin.
No. The opposite is true. Those with learning differences are typically bright and outgoing and simply have brains that are wired a particular way. Students with dyslexia, 例如, may be slow readers who are clever, creative problem-solvers in other areas. 学习差异通常存在于耶鲁大学的LD专家Dr. Sally Shaywitz calls “a sea of gifts.” Early evaluation is important so that the family and the child can begin on the path of self-awareness and self-advocacy and get back to a sense of wellbeing and empowerment.
How is a 学习 Difference Diagnosed?
When a family is concerned that a student’s progress in school could be the result of a learning difference, 与专业人士交谈是很重要的, beginning with the pediatrician. The pediatrician may refer the family to a learning and mental health group that can provide advice, 如果需要的话, 心理教育评估，以确定孩子如何学习. 这 评估可以包括一个包括心理学家在内的团队, 语言治疗师和职业治疗师. 一旦孩子的优势和挑战被确定, further recommendations can be made for the types of help that are right for the child at school and at home.
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CHC Voices of Compassion 播客
我们每周的CHC播客有专家的见解, 关于十大赌博信誉网站的灵感和创造性对话, education and family.
19日,集 第2季 | FEBRUARY 2, 2022
育儿 expert, author and educator, 朱莉·利思科特-海姆斯以她充满智慧和鼓励的话语而闻名. But in today’s podcast episode — for the first time — we are invited to listen in on a heart-to-heart conversation between Julie and her 22-year-old son Sawyer, 讲述了他患多动症的经历以及他们的家庭如何接受他. 索耶勇敢地分享了他的诊断故事, 他的焦虑, his decision to take a year off from college and the importance of his 父母’ understanding. 我们听到朱莉的声音, not just as an expert, but as a mom in the moment, 讨论她一路走来所犯的错误, what she’s learned and how she and her partner are finally becoming the “父母 their son deserves.“这是一场你不想错过的比赛——从头到尾都很特别.
第十集, 第三季 | DECEMBER 14, 2022
with 妮可Ofiesh, 博士学位
我们通常认为学习差异是在学校面临的挑战. But the reality is that learning differences impact people throughout their lives with implications far beyond the classroom: home, 的关系, work and family to name a few. 因此, it’s important to learn strategies and skills that apply throughout the lifespan. Join us for a conversation with Dr. 妮可Ofiesh, CHC施瓦布学习中心主任, as she shares pro tips developed throughout decades of leveraging neurodiversity in settings from kindergarten to college, classroom to corporate. A must-listen episode for people with learning differences and those who support them!
11日,集 第三季 | JANUARY 4, 2023
Joan Baran博士和Meghan Collins, MS, 硕士研究生
自我辩护不仅仅是为自己说话——它是关于自我意识, 了解我们的需求和清晰的沟通. 它是关于询问我们想要和需要什么，而不是要求它. 在今天的播客中，CHC的Catherine T. 哈维临床服务中心的专家Joan Baran说, 博士学位, 注册临床心理学家和梅根·柯林斯, MS, 硕士研究生, doctoral psychology intern share strategies for 父母 and caregivers to model and build self-advocacy skills, independence and confidence in our 孩子们.
你的孩子在听从指示方面有困难吗, struggle with organization, 或者无法集中精力完成作业? The following checklist can help you determine whether your child may have a learning difference.
患有多动症和学习差异(LD)的人经常会感到压力, anxiety and other mental health conditions. 有时很难区分什么是注意力缺陷多动症/LD，什么是焦虑. Students can often have difficulty concentrating or be restless – which could be a symptom of 注意力缺陷多动症 or LD or it could be anxiety.
In this session presented by Chris Harris, 地中海, Chief 学校s Officer at CHC, 你就会更多地了解多动症的相互关系, 学习障碍和焦虑以及如何支持你的孩子.
Learn how to help young adults navigate life transitions when they learn differently and/or have mental health challenges.
CHC provides life-changing services for learning differences and mental health for young adults, 儿童和青少年.
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You are not alone. 在每月一次的家长互助小组中与其他家长十大信誉网赌网站.
Come and join other 父母 of 孩子们 with 学习 Differences at CHC’s parent support group. 邀请家长和照顾者免费参加, virtual monthly support group facilitated by CHC experts with extensive experience serving children, adolescents and families.
Helping college and high school students with learning differences navigate school, work and life.
The Schwab 学习 Center (SLC@CHC) offers Customized 1:1 学习 Strategy sessions for teens and young adults.
For Children, Teens & 0-25岁有十大赌博信誉网站挑战的年轻人 & 学习 Differences
CHC provides single and multi-disciplinary psychoeducational and neuropsychological (learning and mental health) evaluations, 选择包括职业治疗师, 语言病理学家和/或教育专家. During a CHC evaluation, we really get to know your child to learn what issues are interfering with their wellbeing. Then the team collaborates and recommends a plan of action that works best for your family. 无论您的孩子是否接受了临床诊断, our specialists offer coaching and strategies to manage behavioral or educational concerns.
在CHC, we have learning and mental health experts who can help you overcome barriers to learning and help you develop skills that last for a lifetime. Real people you can talk to. People who can really help.
Jessica Naecker, 博士学位
Licensed Clinical Psychologistt
Sharmila 罗伊, 博士学位
Special Projects CONSULTANT
全面的 & 学习差异综合服务 & 十大赌博信誉网站
CHC therapists provide specialized, individualized and age-appropriate services for you to take charge of your own mental health and wellbeing. 服务 in California.
The SLC@CHC empowers all types of learners to adopt tools and strategies to support their unique strengths. 被诊断或怀疑患有多动症的学生和年轻人, 阅读障碍和其他学习障碍发现了他们的天赋, strengths and potential.
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